新疆乌苏市香萱数码设备有限公司

让建站和SEO变得简单

让不懂建站的用户快速建站,让会建站的提高建站效率!

【新刊速递】《欧洲国际关系杂志》(EJIR)Vol. 27, No. 3, September 2021
发布日期:2022-05-10 23:21    点击次数:147

图片

期刊简介

图片

《欧洲国际关系杂志》(European Journal of International Relations)是欧洲政事研究联友邦际关系常设小组(the Standing Group on International Relations of the European Consortium for Political Research, SGIR)的同业评审旗舰期刊,由SGIR和欧洲国际研究协会组成的鸠合委员会共同料理。凭据Journal Citation Reports显现,2019年该期刊的影响因子为3.474。

图片

本期目次 

1. 生物信息社交:全球卫生突发事件、数据分享和序贯寿命

Bioinformational diplomacy: Global health emergencies, data sharing and sequential life

2. 为什么互相阻拦的国度还在国际监管方面保持有弹性的互助?以19世纪60年代至1914年的英国和电报为例

Why do states in conflict with each other also sustain resilient cooperation in international regulation? Britain and telegraphy, 1860s–1914

3. 声誉危机料理与国度:将防碍战略表面化为一种社交模式

Reputation crisis management and the state: Theorising containment as diplomatic mode

4. 弱谀媚的上风:替代社交性社会谀媚中的形体共现

The strength of weak bonds: Substituting bodily copresence in diplomatic social bonding

5. 国际组织中基于类比的集体决策与渐进变化

Analogy-based collective decision-making and incremental change in international organizations

6. 忙碌国度的政事体制和番邦投资:来自最为相似的非洲案例的见解

Political regimes and foreign investment in poor countries: Insights from most similar African cases

7. 债务重组对发展中国度收入不对等的影响

The effects of debt restructurings on income inequality in the developing world

8. 基础款式金融、后发与中国重塑国际信贷治理

Infrastructure finance, late development, and China’s reshaping of international credit governance

9. 后殖民时期的侨民国度

The postcolonial migration state

10. 内战重现与战后暴力:转向抽象研究议程

Civil war recurrence and postwar violence: Toward an integrated research agenda

11. 对解释性国际研究因果解释的再思考

Rethinking causal explanation in interpretive international studies

01

生物信息社交:全球卫生突发事件、数据分享和序贯寿命

题目:Bioinformational diplomacy: Global health emergencies, data sharing and sequential life

作家:Stefan Elbe,苏塞克斯大学全球研究学院国际关系学莳植。

节录:21世纪,新冠肺炎(COVID-19)等全球突发卫惹事件成为了重要且反复出现的恫吓。通过分析新病原体的细心基因序列数据,现代社会不错更好地驻扎这类令人愁肠的疫情。那么,为什么这种认的确学问资源正常被利益攸关方幽囚——不仅阻碍了国际社会对此实时反馈,并有可能将人命置于危急之中?本文开启了生物信息社接壤限的社会科学研究,即围绕全球卫生突发事件的生物信息进行实时地国际交流,研究因此而出现的垂危场地、明锐问题、联系施行与促进手艺。这篇著作从系谱的角度将这一新兴界限定位于分子化人命、信息化生物学和证券化健康的交叉点。本文访问了产生这一新兴界限的深层政事、经济和科学问题。终末,著作分析了列国政府、科学家和工业界所想象的全球突发事件应付用具——通过数据护照的新做法促进更快速的全球生物信息分享。总的来说,对生物信息社交的潜入研究揭示了国际关系与人命科学之间的关系不仅互相深深纠缠,甚而可视作其组成部分——通过仔细跟踪分子层面的人命测序这一实验,也能最终重塑国际关系中的主权、权力与安全。

Global health emergencies – like COVID-19 – pose major and recurring threats in the 21st century. Now societies can be better protected against such harrowing outbreaks by analysing the detailed genetic sequence data of new pathogens. Why, then, is this valuable epistemic resource frequently withheld by stakeholders – hamstringing the international response and potentially putting lives at risk? This article initiates the social scientific study of bioinformational diplomacy, that is, the emerging field of tensions, sensitivities, practices and enabling instruments surrounding the timely international exchange of bioinformation about global health emergencies. The article genealogically locates this nascent field at the intersection of molecularised life, informationalised biology and securitised health. It investigates the deeper political, economic and scientific problematisations that are engendering this burgeoning field. It finally analyses the emergent international instruments developed by governments, scientists and industry to facilitate more rapid global sharing of bioinformation through novel practices of data passporting. Overall, the in-depth study of bioinformational diplomacy reveals just how deeply, and even constitutively, international relations are entangled with the life sciences – by carefully tracing how laboratory practices of sequencing life at molecular scale also end up recontouring the play of sovereignty, power and security in international relations.

02

为什么互相阻拦的国度还在国际监管方面保持有弹性的互助?以19世纪60年代至1914年的英国和电报为例

题目:Why do states in conflict with each other also sustain resilien cooperation in international regulation? Britain and telegraphy, 1860s–1914

作家:Perri 6,伦敦玛丽女王大学工商料理学院;Eva Heims,约克大学政事系讲师。

节录:本文比较了来自国际关系学、政事学和寰球料理学的五种主流表面的解释力,以相识为什么——当国度间加深阻拦和垂危甚而准备战斗时——可能同期守护在全球监管机构中的深化互助。对解释力的分析聚集在五个关键要领论优点之间的量度,并将缓冲手脚国度调处性的目标。本文通过对从1865年国际电报定约(ITU)成立到第一次寰宇大战爆发期间,英国对首个国际监管轨制,即国际电报定约和1884年的海底电缆契约(SCC)的承诺这一关键案例的分析,锻炼了这些表面。本文作家使用英国国度档案馆的档案来重建英国在电报战略上的决策,手脚一国国度决策的案例。本文暖和四个关键决策集群,越过三个子阶段。研究发现,每一种表面都不错刻画性地捕捉到某些子时期的一些发展,但不是出于表面中笃定的身分,也莫得通用性。因此,本文通过分析要领论优点之间的弃取,为今后的表面发展使命提供了基础,并论证了表面比较的价值。

This article compares the explanatory power of five mainstream theories from International Relations, political science and public management in understanding why – when they are engaged in deepening conflict and tension and even preparations for wars – states might simultaneously sustain deepening cooperation in global regulatory bodies. Analysis of explanatory power focuses on trade-offs among five key methodological virtues, and on buffering as an indicator of state unitariness. The theories are examined against the crucial case of one state’s commitment to the first international regulatory regime, the International Telegraph Union (ITU) and the Submarine Cable Convention (SCC) of 1884, from the founding of the ITU in 1865 to the outbreak of the Great War. In this article, we use UK National Archives files to reconstruct Britain’s decisions in telegraphy policy as our case of a state’s decision-making. We focus on four key clusters of decisions, spanning three sub-periods. The study finds each of the theories can descriptively capture some developments in some sub-periods, but not for the reasons identified in the theory and without generality of application. It therefore provides the basis for future theoretical development work and demonstrates the value of theory comparison by analysis of trade-offs among methodological virtues.

03

声誉危机料理与国度:将防碍战略表面化为一种社交模式

题目:Reputation crisis management and the state: Theorising containment as diplomatic mode

作家:Kristin Haugevik,挪威国际事务研究所高档研究员;Cecilie Basberg Neumann,奥斯陆城市大学莳植。

节录:本文将防碍战略表面化,使之成为国度在处理国际身份和国际声誉危机时的一种社交反馈模式。尽管国际关系学界广泛强调身份在国度安全中的遑急性,但危机料理研究对于其本色论性质的安全危机问题则很少暖和。对于寰球社交的学术文件主要暖和国度本身在国度品牌和声誉方面的积极竖立,而联系臭名化料理方面的研究则主要暖和“违纪”国度若何通过识别、拒却或反驳品评来应付身份膺惩。本文在上述两方面均有学术孝顺。最初,文中提供的案例讲授,迎面对本色论安全危机时,国度并非手脚调处实体行事——政府代表、官僚人员和社交官对于此种情况会饰演不同的脚色并具备多种活动决议。第二,作家合计,在危机料理的社交用具中,防碍是十分遑急但表面化进度不及的一部分。著作将防碍战略解释为了一种危机料理当付模式,将国际关系学中对于心思和社交的学术见地与社会心计学中对于治疗施行的学术见地进行了整合。作家及第了来自挪威的案例,研究在2016年针对挪威儿童福利服务的跨国抗议波澜爆发后,挪威的政府代表、官僚人员和社交官若何应付国际品评的箝制升级。一个关键的发现是,政府部长和官僚的主要反馈模式是拒却品评,但社交官们则主要悉力于奋发防碍场地,试图防碍场地的进一步升级,驻扎对双边域系变成永恒损伤。

This article theorises containment as a diplomatic response mode for states when faced with potentially harmful attacks on their international identity and reputation. Despite widespread agreement in International Relations (IR) scholarship that identities matter in the context of state security, studies of crisis management have paid little attention to ontological security crises. Scholarly literature on public diplomacy has concerned itself mainly with proactive nation branding and reputation building; work on stigma management has privileged the study of how 'transgressive’ states respond to identity attacks by recognising, rejecting or countering criticism. Our contribution is two-fold. First, we make the case that states do not perform as uniform entities when faced with ontological security crises – government representatives, bureaucratic officials and diplomats have varying roles and action repertoires available to them. Second, we argue that containment is a key but undertheorised part of the diplomatic toolkit in crisis management. Unpacking containment as a crisis management response mode, we combine insights from IR scholarship on emotions and diplomacy with insights on therapeutic practices from social psychology. We substantiate our argument with a case study of how Norwegian government representatives, bureaucratic officials and diplomats responded to escalating international criticism against Norway’s Child Welfare Services following a wave of transnational protests in 2016. A key finding is that whereas the dominant response mode of government ministers and bureaucratic officials was to reject the criticism, diplomats mainly worked to contain the situation, trying to prevent it from escalating further and resulting in long-term damage to bilateral relations.

04

弱谀媚的上风:替代社交性社会谀媚中的形体共现

题目:The strength of weak bonds: Substituting bodily copresence in diplomatic social bonding

作家:Nicholas J. Wheeler,伯明翰大学莳植;Marcus Holmes,威廉玛丽学院副莳植。

节录:社交研究中的一个中枢贫瘠是,为什么指导人之间的互动巧合会产生积极的社会谀媚,而巧合则会导致不信任和敌意。在微观社会学界限的最新研究,即对日常互动的研究中,尤其是美国社会学家兰德尔·柯林斯的始创性研究,建议了进行积极互动的几个关键身分,其中便包括形体共现的身分。本文对这一见地建议了质疑,并阐明了为什么在指导人互动汉文本交流不错替代形体共现。本文讲授,面对面交流样式的形体共现身分是形成强谀媚的必要条目,以信函样式终了的中介式互动也不错创造弱的社会谀媚。弱谀媚简略减少不信任并徐徐发展信任,这对于危机的纰漏至关遑急。本文分析了两个案例:古巴导弹危机期间赫鲁晓夫和肯尼迪之间的信件往来,以及冷战罢了时戈尔巴乔夫和里根之间的翰墨和面对面的互动。终末,本文在论断中指出了一个对于社交中社会谀媚形成的决定身分的跨学科研究议程。

One of the central puzzles in the study of diplomacy is why some interactions between leaders result in positive social bonds, while others are mired in distrust and hostility. Recent research in the field of microsociology, the study of everyday interactions, most notably the pioneering research of American sociologist Randall Collins, suggests several critical ingredients for a successful interaction, including bodily copresence. In this article we interrogate this claim and provide theoretical reasons why textual communication may serve as a proxy for copresence in leader interactions. We demonstrate that while copresence, in the form of face-to-face interaction, is required for strong bond formation, mediated interaction in the form of letters can serve to create weak social bonds. The strength of weak bonds is in the reduction of distrust and the gradual development of trust that can be critical to the de-escalation of crises. Empirically, we explore our argument in two hard cases for social bond formation: the letters exchanged between Nikita Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy during the Cuban Missile Crisis and the interactions, both textual and face-to-face, between Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan at the end of the Cold War. We conclude by pointing toward an interdisciplinary research agenda on the determinants of social bond formation in diplomacy.

05

国际组织中基于类比的集体决策与渐进变化

题目:Analogy-based collective decision-making and incremental change in international organizations

作家:Thomas Dörfler,波茨坦大学国际关系学院博士后研究员;Thomas Gehring,班贝克大学莳植。

节录:咱们研究了成员国基于类比的集体决策若何有助于非正经规矩的内素性出现和国际组织的渐进式变革。类比决策是国际组织日常决策的一个遑急特征。通过类比将面前的决定与过去的决定商量起来,激动了渐进式变革,同期也加强了组织的韧性。社交战略分析文件标明,在磨叽和复杂的社交战略情况下,类比法不错合计是一种领会捷径,而咱们的重心是应用它们来克服国际组织中和谐情况的社会磨叽性(不笃定性)。在心计学想法的基础上,咱们开拓了两个微观层面的机制,讲解了成员启动的国际组织中基于类比的集体决策的着力。以类比为基础的集体决策强调面前情况与以往情况的相似性,罢免既定的问题模式,并产生箝制彭胀且日益完善的非正经规矩。以类比为基础但强调关键互异的集体决策罢免不同的问题模式,并激勉了适用于新类别案例的迥殊非正经规矩的出现。其罢了是为越来越多的问题提供了一个越来越讲求的组织独到的搞定决议网罗。因此,一个组织不错越来越多地促进集体决策,并增强其韧性。在教会上,咱们对南斯拉夫制裁委员会的决策进行了文件分析,该委员会是由鸠合国安得意成立的,负责处理一系列对于豁免某些商品或服务以应付巴尔干战斗的全面经济禁运的肯求。

We examine how analogy-based collective decision-making of member states contributes to the endogenous emergence of informal rules and the incremental change of international organizations (IOs). Decision-making by analogy is an important characteristic of day-to-day decision-making in IOs. Relating current decisions to previous ones through analogies drives incremental change and simultaneously reinforces organizational resilience. Whereas the foreign policy analysis literature shows that analogies can be used as cognitive shortcuts in fuzzy and complex foreign policy situations, we focus on their use to overcome social ambiguity (indeterminacy) of coordination situations in IOs. Drawing on psychological conceptions, we develop two micro-level mechanisms that elucidate the effects of analogy-based collective decision-making in member-driven IOs. Analogy-based collective decisions emphasizing similarity between a current situation and previous ones follow an established problem schema and produce expansive and increasingly well-established informal rules. Collective decisions that are analogy-based but emphasize a crucial difference follow different problem schemas and trigger the emergence of additional informal rules that apply to new classes of cases. The result is an increasingly fine-grained web of distinct organizational solutions for a growing number of problems. Accordingly, an IO can increasingly facilitate collective decision-making and gains resilience. Empirically, we probe these propositions with a documentary analysis of decision-making in the Yugoslavia sanctions committee, established by the United Nations Security Council to deal with a stream of requests for exempting certain goods or services from the comprehensive economic embargo imposed on Yugoslavia in response to the War in the Balkans.

06

忙碌国度的政事体制和番邦投资:来自最为相似的非洲案例的见解

题目:Political regimes and foreign investment in poor countries: Insights from most similar African cases

作家:Arthur A Goldsmith,马萨诸塞大学波士顿分校名誉莳植。

节录:当番邦投资者采纳在一个穷国投资时,他们是醉心民主国度如故专制国度?对于这个问题,尽管照旧有了无数的时期序列跨国实证研究,但谜底依旧不解晰。为了激动这一辩白,我罗致了一种基于最相似案例想象的新要领。我明察了四个非洲国度在民主化之前、期间和之后的情况,并评估跟着时期的推移,政权类型的变化是否影响了它们招引番邦投资的智力--相对于它们的基线投资水平,以及与四个莫得经验过民主化的匹配国度的投资模式比拟。我还限度了当然资源的稀缺性和丰富性的影响。我的互异性配对案例分析标明,引入竞争性政事机构对番邦投资来说并不遑急,然则这些机构的整合则带来了一个小的投资上风。

When foreign investors choose to invest in a poor country, do they favor democracies or autocracies? Despite extensive time-series cross-national empirical work on this question, the answer is unclear. To move the debate forward, I use a novel approach based on a most-similar case design. I observe four African countries before, during, and after democratization, and evaluate whether the change in regime type over time affected their ability to attract foreign investment—both relative to their baseline level of investment and in comparison with the investment patterns of four matching countries that did not experience democratization. I also control for the effects of natural resource scarcity and abundance. My difference-in-differences pairwise case analysis indicates the introduction of competitive political institutions is immaterial for foreign investment, whereas the consolidation of these institutions conveys a small investment advantage.

07

债务重组对发展中国度收入不对等的影响

题目:The effects of debt restructurings on income inequality in the developing world

作家:Glen Biglaiser,北德克萨斯州大学人文社会科学学院莳植;Ronald J. McGauvran,田纳西科技大学社会学与政事学院助理莳植。

节录:包袱债务的发展中国度经常但愿投资者通过债务重组来填补赔本。通过债务的作假足偿还,债务国政府可能会增多社会开销、为较忙碌的选民服务,进而裁减收入不对等的现象。与此相背,债务国政府也会减税并削减政府开支,以葬送贫民的利益为代价踏实富人的财富。本文应用71个发展中国度在1986年至2016年间的时空数据,评估送还务重组对社会收入分拨的影响。具体来说,著作研究送还务重组对社会开销、税制考订和收入不对等的影响。作家合计,接纳债务重组的国度倾向于应用其新赢得的经济生动性来裁减税收和社会开销,从而加重了收入不对等的情况。这一罢了通过了不同模子设定的牢固性测试。本文合计,债务重组对不太富有的人所变成的经济伤害,这一论断为全球化与忙碌间关系的探讨做出孝顺。

Developing countries, saddled with debts, often prefer investors absorb losses through debt restructurings. By not making full repayments, debtor governments could increase social spending, serving poorer constituents, and, in turn, lowering income inequality. Alternatively, debtor governments could reduce taxes and cut government spending, bolstering the assets of the rich at the expense of the poor. Using panel data for 71 developing countries from 1986 to 2016, we assess the effects of debt restructurings on societal income distribution. Specifically, we study the impact of debt restructurings on social spending, tax reform, and income inequality. We find that countries receiving debt restructurings tend to use their newly acquired economic flexibility to reduce taxes and lower social spending, worsening income inequality. The results are also robust to different model specifications. Our study contributes to the globalization and the poor debate, suggesting the economic harm caused to the less well-off following debt restructurings.

08

基础款式金融、后发与中国重塑国际信贷治理

题目:Infrastructure finance, late development, and China’s reshaping of international credit governance

作家:陈沐阳,北京大学国际关系学院助理莳植。

节录:中国的崛起对国际治理有何影响?本文以中国国外基础款式技俩的主要债权人——两家中国的战略性银步履研究对象查考了基础款式融资。尽管经济互助与发展组织(OECD)指导的现存国际信贷体系将以发展为导向的挽救与以交易为导向的出口信贷分辨开来,但后发新兴经济体用国度救助的出口信贷大限制地投资发展技俩,从而磨叽了这种区别。本文合计,中国编削经合组织信用治理的方式,既体现了后发的共性,又体现了“中国式”发展的特点。战略性银行不是用国度的财政收入径直补贴企业的国际业务,而是应用各式市集用具将东道国的国有和国度和谐的财富金熔化。通过这种方式,它们使中国公司在欠发达地区的市集上具有比较上风,使其简略承担发达工业国度公司无法承担的技俩。这种融资机制重塑了国际发展机制,将信贷分拨的主导手艺从国度主导的挽救方式革新为以市集为基础的交换方式,并通过中央集权妥协脱主义的方式为发展中国度提供资金,改写了国际出口信贷轨制的摆脱规矩。因此,中国在现存信贷轨制下已有的金融有贪图笼罩不及的地区建立了一个平行的轨制。

How is the rise of China affecting international governance? This paper examines the domain of infrastructure finance by focusing on China’s two policy banks, which are the main creditors of China’s overseas infrastructure projects. While the incumbent international credit regimes led by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) distinguish development-oriented aid from commercially oriented export credits, emerging late-developed economies blur this dichotomy by largely funding development projects with state-backed export credits. The way China alters the OECD’s credit governance, this paper argues, demonstrates both the generality of late development and the peculiarity of “Chinese” development. Rather than directly subsidizing firms’ international business with the state’s fiscal revenue, policy banks financialized host country’s state-owned and state-coordinated assets using various market instruments. By doing so, they gave Chinese firms a comparative advantage in the markets of less developed regions, allowing them to undertake projects that firms from advanced industrial countries cannot. This financing mechanism has reshaped the international development regime by transforming the dominant means of credit allocation from state-led aid-giving to market-based exchange, and rewritten the liberal rules of the international export credit regime by financing the developing world in a both statist and liberalist manner. As a result, China has built a paralleled regime in regions insufficiently covered by the existing financial schemes of incumbent credit regimes.

09

后殖民时期的侨民国度

题目:The postcolonial migration state

作家:Kamal Sadiq,加利福尼亚大学政事科学助理莳植;Gerasimos Tsourapas,伯明翰大学讲师。

节录:全球南边侨民战略的进化对国际关系越来越有影响。但是欧洲和北美除外的隶属国和帝国主义留传问题对国度侨民料理机制的影响仍未表面化。后隶属国国度形态若何影响南边的跨境转移料理战略?将詹姆斯·霍利菲尔德确现代“侨民国度”的框架带入对后殖民主义的批判性学术研究,作家定位了“后殖民悖论”的存在,指出了南边的新颓落国度面对的两组矛盾:第一,构建一个具备明确界说的民族身份的现代主权民族国度的需要与脆弱的行政智力的矛盾;第二,主权的疆域近况与民族建构必须寻求建立排他的、针对对境表里人员的公民身份轨范的矛盾。作家合计,应用跨境转移料理战略来调整这些矛盾将“后殖民国度”转化成了“后殖民侨民国度”,这发扬了与颓落前施行的不同的相连性。事实上,后殖民侨民国度通过监管和限度不同的、对国际经济起再服务分拨作用的侨民流,重现了殖民时期的景色。作家通过印度和埃及的颓落后的侨民料理的对比研究,揭示了这极少,同期也为了交融了中东和南亚学术研究中问题界限的分离。作家渴望对优先探究来自更鲁莽的南边的区域间见地的国际侨民政事遴选进一步的批判性研究。

The evolution of migration policy-making across the Global South is of growing interest to International Relations. Yet, the impact of colonial and imperial legacies on states’ migration management regimes outside Europe and North America remains under-theorised. How does postcolonial state formation shape policies of cross-border mobility management in the Global South? By bringing James F. Hollifield’s framework of the contemporary 'migration state’ in conversation with critical scholarship on postcolonialism, we identify the existence of a 'postcolonial paradox,’ namely two sets of tensions faced by newly independent states of the Global South: first, the need to construct a modern sovereign nation-state with a well-defined national identity contrasts with weak institutional capacity to do so; second, territorial realities of sovereignty conflict with the imperatives of nation-building seeking to establish exclusive citizenship norms towards populations residing both inside and outside the boundaries of the postcolonial state. We argue that the use of cross-border mobility control policies to reconcile such tensions transforms the 'postcolonial state’ into the 'postcolonial migration state,’ which shows distinct continuities with pre-independence practices. In fact, postcolonial migration states reproduce colonial-era tropes via the surveillance and control of segmented migration streams that redistribute labour for the global economy. We demonstrate this via a comparative study of post-independence migration management in India and Egypt, which also aims to merge a problematic regional divide between scholarship on the Middle East and South Asia. We urge further critical interventions on the international politics of migration that prioritise interregional perspectives from the broader Global South

10

内战重现与战后暴力:转向抽象研究议程

题目:Civil war recurrence and postwar violence: Toward an integrated research agenda

作家:Corinne Bara,乌普萨拉大学和平与阻拦研究系助理莳植;Annekatrin Deglow,乌普萨拉大学和平与阻拦研究系助理莳植;Sebastian van Baalen,乌普萨拉大学和平与阻拦研究系助理莳植。

节录:内战后的暴力对可不时和平组成了挑战。今天寰宇上的许多武装阻拦都是昨日战斗的重现,许多对于战后暴力的文件都对为何武装团体会重回战场这一问题进行了解释。然则,即使和平趋势占据主流,许多其他类型的暴力也会在战后大环境中发生。同样,这种战后暴力也受到越来越多的学科界限研究的暖和。应用引文网罗分析咱们发现,尽管互干系联,联系战斗复发的研究和联系战后暴力的研究却是在相对孤苦孤身一人的环境下分开进行的。这种分割导致咱们冷漠了战后不同样式暴力启上路分的遑急相似性和互异性,本文通过转头这两个密切干系界限的文件讲授了上述见地。诚然战斗复发和战后暴力有一系列相似的风险身分,但其中一些身分对这两种罢了的影响是相背的。而由于这些见解只消在系统地比较这两类文件时智力进一步得出,是以咱们建议了一个研究战后暴力的新框架,旨在克服这两个研究界限的分割性。这一框架既是一个想法透镜,亦然一个分析用具,用于对战后不同样式的暴力进行分类与比较。在此之后,咱们概述了该框架若何匡助学者们追求一个更为抽象的研究议程,并对应该研究的研究问题建议了具体建议,以晋升咱们对战后暴力泄气的相识智力。

Violence after civil war is a challenge to sustainable peace. Many armed conflicts today are recurrences of previous wars and much of the literature on violence after war explains why armed groups return to the battlefield. But even if peace prevails, many other types of violence take place in postwar environments. This postwar violence is likewise subject to a growing multidisciplinary literature. Using citation network analysis, we show that research on war recurrence and postwar violence has developed in relative isolation from each other—although these phenomena are interrelated. This compartmentalization leads us to overlook important similarities and differences in the drivers of different forms of violence after war. We demonstrate this by reviewing the literature in both of these closely related fields. While war recurrence and postwar violence share a set of common risk factors, some factors can have opposite effects on the two outcomes. Because these insights only emerge when systematically comparing the two strands of literature, we propose a novel framework for the study of violence after wars that aims at overcoming the compartmentalization of research within these two fields. The framework serves both as a conceptual lens and an analytical tool to categorize and compare different forms of violence after war. We then outline how the framework aids scholars in pursuing an integrated research agenda, with concrete suggestions for research questions that should be studied to expand our understanding of violence after wars.

11

对解释性国际研究因果解释的再思考

题目:Rethinking casual explanation in interpretive international studies

作家:Ludvig Norman,斯德哥尔摩大学政事学副莳植和加州大学伯克利分校欧洲研究所高档研究员。

节录:本文开拓了一个符合解释型国际关系(IR)研究的因果解释模子。越来越多的学者在强调共鸣、身份和社会施行对其解释的遑急性的同期,转向了因果访问。这一举措具有特出大的后劲,不错增多解释学要领对国际关系的孝顺。然则,本文指出了这种研究所基于的因果模子的残障,恰是这些残障为止了这种后劲。本文对这些局限性进行了细心的商讨,并为解释型国际关系的因果解释提供了一个替代模子。该模子建立在对组成性分析和因果性分析的明确分辨上,并对它们若何结合以产生因果解释提供了明确的论证。这就为更明确的因果解释的想法铺平了路途,而不是正常解释性国际关系中的情况。此进程中,它还提供了一个愈加连贯和细心的阐明,即解释学解释与更多主流要领的交织点以及它们的不同之处。终末,本文通过对一种最新样式的解释进程跟踪(IPT)的商讨,概述了该模子的应用。

This article develops a model for causal explanations amenable to interpretive International Relations (IR) research. A growing field of scholars has turned toward causal inquiry while stressing the importance of shared understandings, identities, and social practices for their explanations. This move has considerable potential to strengthen the contributions of interpretive approaches to IR. However, the article identifies shortcomings in the causal models on which this research is based which work to limit this potential. The article provides a detailed discussion of these limitations and offers an alternative model of causal explanations for interpretive IR. The proposed model builds on a clear differentiation between constitutive and causal analysis and supplies an explicit argument for how they can be combined to generate causal explanations. This paves the way for a more well-defined notion of causal explanation than has commonly been the case in interpretive IR. In doing so, it also offers a more coherent and detailed account of the points at which interpretive explanations intersect with more mainstream approaches and where they differ. Finally, the paper outlines an application of the model through a discussion on an updated form of interpretive process tracing (IPT).

编译 审校 | 张曼娜 房宇馨 常佳艺 杨稚珉 廖泽玉朱晓洁 胡可怡 李燕 聂涵琳排版 | 刘吉文 云琪布日 本站是提供个人学问料理的网罗存储空间,所有这个词内容均由用户发布,不代表本站见地。请提神甄别内容中的商量方式、相通购买等信息,防范诈骗。如发现存害或侵权内容,请点击一键举报。

上一篇:腾讯云计策勾通永洪科技,为企业云中大数据生态赋能
下一篇:徐小明:深成指翌日有小低点